A new science eco-system is growing: Open Science. This is based on the conviction that free access to research publications is not only a moral right of citizens but a necessity to allow the maximum use and impact of research. The current publishing system is no longer fit for purpose; too much emphasis is being placed on using publications for evaluation and not enough on dissemination of new research results. Redressing the balance will not be easy; the publish-or-perish paradigm is detrimental, and could productively be replaced with a more transparent, effective system based on quality and not quantity.
Change is coming, but some scientists are feeling that they will be restricted in their freedom by being mandated to make data available or ensure that their publications are open. Others welcome change, but are hindered by the lack of a framework for structured and standardized data reporting. Open Science aims to make research and development more effective by better supporting collaboration. This can be between research groups, but also between academia and industry. Adoption of the FAIR data principles are an important step to support this, but much needs to be done to ensure that sufficient tools are available so that making data open is not an onerous task for scientists.